Robotic Spine Surgery: Advancements in Minimally-Invasive Procedures

Modern spinal surgery is geared towards accelerating a patient’s return to wellness. Spinal surgery has greatly evolved over the last two decades with more focus being dedicated to minimizing surgical trauma and towards expediting the patient’s recovery through the application of minimally invasive procedures such as robotic spine surgery.

robotic spine surgery

What is Robotic Spine Surgery?

Robotic spinal surgery is the newest advancement in spinal surgery. This new technique allows for smaller incisions that expose patients (and medical practitioners) to less radiation, enhance accuracy during surgery and enables faster recovery. Robotic spinal surgery also significantly reduces the overall risk while undergoing surgery. Robotic spinal surgery is a cutting edge technology and doctors are using this new method to accomplish complex spinal reconstructive operations and minimally invasive spine surgical operations.

Robotic Spine Surgery Procedure

Conventionally, surgeons undertake complex spinal surgical operations by inserting screws inside the spinal bones freehand, i.e., using their feel and judgment, or with the aid of numerous X-rays taken during the theatre operation.

When taken numerous times over and over, these X-rays expose the patient as well as the surgeon to substantial radiation amounts that can be harmful. These traditional methods are applied with a significant risk of wrongly placing the screws or putting the screws in sub-optimal positions. This can result into a less effective surgery or even paralysis.

Enter: Mazor Robotics Renaissance System

robotic spine surgeryRobotic spinal surgery brings more precision to spinal operations, consequently significantly lowering screw misplacement risk. The Mazor Robotics Renaissance System enables surgeons to use CT scans (computerized tomography scans) that are taken before surgery in order to have a blueprint that is followed during the actual operation. The CT scan images are processed using 3D computerized systems that enable the surgeons to plan out the operation with greater accuracy even before going to theatre room.

Through the use Mazor Renaissance Robot, a surgeon is in total control of the operation and inserts the screws using hands, but guidance is provided by the robotic system basing on the 3D computerized plan prepared before the operation. The Mazor robot can bend and rotate to enable placement in a highly specific position as well as correct trajectory. Mazor robotic spine surgery  can significantly increase the accuracy level and safety, especially when operating through small incisions and when handling sophisticated anatomy.

The Mazor Renaissance Robot enables spine surgeons to carry out many spine surgeries ranging from simple to complex theatre operations with a greater degree of safety, efficiency and accurateness. Robotic spinal surgery decreases radiation exposure, reduces complication rates, and accelerates recovery for the patient to resume normal functions.

What criteria make a prospective candidate for robotic spine surgery?

The decision for a patient to undergo robotic-assisted spinal surgery hinges on numerous considerations. While not all patients are prospective candidates for minimally invasive procedures, it is good to note that the Mazor Renaissance Robot guidance system can be applied in numerous situations ranging from simple to complex spinal surgeries. The patient and the surgeons collaborate and discuss various treatment options including robot assisted surgery in order to decide on the treatment procedure that is better than the others.