3 Spine Conditions That Often Require Spinal Surgery

spinal surgery conditionsInjuries and complications to the spinal cord can lead to several conditions, depending on the nature and extent of the spine injury. Some of the most common signs include impaired mobility, breathing difficulties, and changes in sexual fertility, and loss of bladder or bowel control. Others include extreme back pressure or pain in the head and neck and poor coordination or paralysis in certain parts of the body.

Some back problems and spine conditions can be corrected through drugs or alternative therapies; however, there are some spine conditions which require spine surgery for the patient to regain full spine function and mobility. These conditions are ankylosing spondylitis, spinal stenosis and degenerative disc disease.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis is a rare condition affects about 0.1% of adults. It is most prevalent in male teenagers, although it can affect people in different age groups. It is not common in women, however, it has been observed to affect certain Native American tribes. Symptoms of this condition include pain and stiffness in the in the lower back region, bony fusion thus creating abnormal joints and pain in tendons and ligaments.spine back pain

A cure for this spine condition has not yet been developed. However, there are treatments that can be administered to improve function and reduce discomfort. One treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis is artificial joint replacement surgery. Those who suffer from lower back and hip because of this condition are highly advised to seek this surgery. For more information about this treatment for Ankylosing Spondylitis, we suggest visiting the website of New Jersey spine surgeon Dr. Joshua S. Rovner who specialize in this condition of the spine.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal Stenosis is a back problem that is age-related. Most of the affected victims are those who are above fifty years. It mainly occurs due to cumulative effects of osteoarthritis. As a result, the ligaments connecting the spine to the bones thicken. The common symptoms of spinal stenosis include weakness and pain in the thighs, feet and legs, which impairs mobility.

Doctors first approach this problem with conservative treatment methods. This may include anti-inflammatory painkillers or injection of corticosteroids to reduce nerve inflammation. However, these are only short-term measures. The most effective treatment for this complication is surgery.

Spine surgery can prove very successful in helping patients to recover mobility. There are several surgical options for this condition. These are lumbar laminectomy and insertion of devices at the spine. Lumbar laminectomy involves removing the lamina to create space thus relieving pressure and alleviating pain. This surgical procedure has been reported to have 80% success in restoring and improving movement.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease occurs when the spine’s intervertebral discs deteriorate. It is closely related to spinal stenosis. With advancing age, there is weakening of the cartilage that holds these discs. In addition to that, there is a decrease in their protein and water content. With the discs degeneration, victims start experiencing back pain especially in the area that is affected. The pain is then spread through the nerves that originate from the spinal canal.

Degenerative disc disease also leads to breakdown of components that form the spine in the lower back. The pain gradually spreads to the buttocks, leg, and feet. Lumbar artificial disc replacement surgery is one of the most effective treatment methods. With this procedure, the disc is replaced, instead of fusion. Therefore, the lumbar part of the spine is able to resume normal motion and reducing chances of future wear and tear.

Conclusion

Spinal conditions are one of the major causes of impaired movement and mobility. Several treatments can be prescribed by a spine surgeon in order to rectify the situation, which are mostly short-term. However, in some cases, the best option available is surgery, which is normally a long-term solution.